Trading stocks is now more popular than ever. Excess of time during the quarantine has enabled a lot of people to get into this possibly lucrative hobby. And the number of new day traders and new trading platforms speaks for itself.
For example, the number of traders on Robinhood, the popular new platform on which anyone can trade from their phone, has tripled – from 6 million users in 2008 to 18 million in 2021, according to the most recent stock market statistics.
The thing is:
Recent developments, such as the COVID-19 pandemic and the influx of day traders, have changed current stock market trends drastically.
Hollywood movies make it seem like trading stocks is a piece of cake. All you need to do is yell at the phone and let the secretary do the papers. But outside the world of The Wolf of Wallstreet, there’s the real world. Out in the cold, people quite often invest their whole live savings in stocks and, as we’ll see later, not all investments have happy endings.
With that in mind:
Let’s take a deep dive into the latest stock statistics to grasp the new landscape of stock trading.
Essential Stock Market Stats (Editor’s Choice)
- The global stock exchange is worth around US$95 trillion.
- With 45% of the global stock value, the US is still the global economic leader.
- Certain stocks have fallen more than 80 points due to COVID restrictions.
- Big tech and pharma companies have increased their wealth by US$5.8 trillion during the pandemic.
- Important indices like the NASDAQ continued to fall by 1.1.% in the summer of 2021, signifying “hesitations” in the post-COVID economy boost.
- The famous Wall Street trades with more than US$25 trillion.
- With 39.7 billion shares, 2,231 listings, and $3 trillion worth of transactions, the Toronto Stock Exchange is the biggest and the most important one in Canada by far.
- The Montreal Exchange merged with the TMX group in 2008 for $1.3 billion.
Global Stock Market Statistics
It’s time to look at some stock market statistics for 2020 in order to get familiar with the turbulent consequences of recent events on the financial world.
1. There were extremely wide differences between the best and worst-performing sectors ranging from 27 to 80 points between March 2020 and 2021.
Recent stock value has largely been influenced by the COVID-19 pandemic. The beginning of the pandemic in March 2020 was bad news for almost all companies and industries, no matter their size.
Soon, there was a stark difference in the time it took for certain industries to recover. While transportations, oil and gas, insurances, banks, and real estate haven’t regained their value from before the pandemic, other companies had a different story.
2. Tech, retail, pharma, and biotech have increased their stock value to new records, with the biggest companies in these sectors together adding US$5.8 trillion in value during the pandemic.
Big companies like Tesla, Tencent, or Amazon were growing steadily even before the pandemic. However, the pandemic further increased their stock value. This only strengthens the idea of tech companies as excellent long-term investments.
The other side of this story is that stocks of the sectors most struck by pandemics, such as transportation and real estate, had a big dip and are only now starting to get back to normal.
2020 also saw people without a background in finance become interested in the stock market. Thanks to apps and trading through the internet without brokers or other mediators, trading stocks became more accessible than ever.
On top of that, lockdowns meant extra time for many people. As a result, there was an influx of daily traders, which resulted in some stocks being inflated or deflated.
3. With Dow Jones falling 2.1% and Nasdaq 1.1% in July 2021, some people feared the economy would never recover.
(Source: RamseySolutions, BNBBloomberg)
Is this really the case?
Predicting the stock market is always hard, and the current stock stats and volatile situation make it even harder.
Many have speculated how the most recent delta strain of the virus would affect exchange. Some experts think that a crash is on the horizon, while others believe widespread vaccination will counteract economic damage. Admittedly, it’s true that one of the main reasons for the 2020 economic struggles was the panic. Panic can be as damaging to the value of stocks as the real loss of value in companies.
But that’s not all:
William White, former deputy governor of the Bank of Canada and one of the few men who predicted the 2008-09 financial crisis, worries about how COVID-related economic turbulence will affect the debt bubble.
And in early October 2021, Charles Myers, the chairman of Signum Global Advisors, said that “we are hurtling headfirst into a potential massive financial crisis” due to the US breaching its debt ceiling.
4. Airline companies lost more than US$200 billion due to COVID.
This loss equals a mind-blowing nine years of profits in the industry. By the end of 2021, the industry is expected to see only 40% of pre-pandemic passenger traffic, which should rise to 60% in 2022.
Here’s the deal:
In 2020, the industry lost a whopping US$138 billion, followed by US$52 billion lost in 2021. These are the latest estimations, which replaced slightly more optimistic older ones.
5. In January 2021, 1,876 components of NASDAQ were positive, and 1,039 were negative.
(Source: Reuters, Reuters, Bloomberg)
By August 2021, there were 1,936 negative and 1,039 positive components. So, market breadth brings some causes for concern. According to stock market statistics for 2021, not all signs point to a positive future for the market.
The consumer confidence index, calculated by experts from the University of Michigan, has rarely been this low. In August 2021, the index fell to 71, the lowest since April 2020 and comparable to consumer confidence levels from 2007-2009, when the market collapsed.
6. Zoom fell 5% in late August 2021, while Amazon lost $261 US billion in value in the same month.
According to Bloomberg, Wall Street experts are not unanimous when it comes to predicting the behaviour of the market in the near future. That’s because even some “stay-at-home darlings” that profited during COVID-restrictions, like Zoom and Amazon, suffered significant blows during the summer of 2021.
The World Stock Exchange
7. The world stock exchange currently has a stock market valuation of around US$95 trillion.
The top five countries that account for little less than 75% of the global stock market are the US, China, Japan, Hong Kong, and Canada. The vast majority of the capital is concentrated in just a few of the world’s biggest stock markets.
8. With around 45% of the total stock market value, the US still leads the global stock markets today.
It should come as no surprise that the two biggest stock markets are in the US. In the second half of the 20th century, we also saw a great increase in the Asian stock market.
As a result, China, Japan, and Hong Kong now have some of the biggest equity values in the world, surpassing their European and Canadian counterparts and changing valuation in the global stock market.
9. The largest stock exchange in the world – the NYSE – trades with more than US$25 trillion.
Here’s the current list of the biggest stock exchange markets and their stock market valuation:
❶ New York Stock Exchange (NYSE), US – US$25.3T
❷ NASDAQ, United States – US$22.1T
❸ Shanghai Stock Exchange (SSE), China – US$7.6T
❹ Hong Kong Stock Exchange (SEHK) – US$6.8T
❺ Japan Stock Exchange (JPX) – US$6.6T
❻ Shenzhen Stock Exchange (SZSE), China – US$5.7T
❼ EURONEXT, Europe – US$6.45T
❽ LSE Group, UK and Italy – US$3.71T
❾ Toronto Stock Exchange, Canada – US$3.1T
Next, we’re going to talk about NYSE and NASDAQ in more detail.
NYSE vs NASDAQ
10. The combined stock market value of the NYSE and NASDAQ is US$47 trillion, half of the total world stock market today.
(Source: Investopedia, BussinessInsider)
The two largest stock markets in the world are the New York Stock Exchange or NYSE and the National Association of Securities Dealers Automated Quotations or NASDAQ.
When you’re thinking of Wall Street, you’re thinking of the NYSE. Founded in 1792, it was and still is the epicentre of stock trading of the biggest US companies. Currently, you can buy stocks of all the big companies, such as IBM, Walmart, and General Electric.
NASDAQ doesn’t have a physical location since it operates online. That makes sense when you take into consideration that this stock exchange has existed for a little over 50 years and is the place for trading stocks of the biggest tech companies, such as Apple and Facebook.
Even though they have different histories, the two biggest stock exchanges are synonymous with the stock market in general. So, many traders and experts analyze them to assess the current state of the American and global economy.
Moving north of the border:
The Toronto Stock Exchange
11. According to stock market stats, the Toronto Stock Exchange is the biggest in Canada, trading with US$3.1 trillion.
(Source: TMX, FinancialPost)
In 1861, 24 brokers came together to form the Toronto Stock Exchange. By World War I, the exchange had grown considerably, building a reputation in the mining sector in particular. By 1936, the Toronto Stock Exchange had become the third-largest in North America.
12. With 39.7 billion shares and 2,231 listings, the Toronto Stock Exchange is as important to Canada as Wall Street is to the US.
Now part of the TMX Group, the Toronto Stock Exchange is the home of Canada’s Big Five banks – the Canadian Imperial Bank of Commerce, the Bank of Montreal, the Bank of Nova Scotia, the Royal Bank of Canada, and Toronto-Dominion Bank. So, it should come as no surprise that investing in stocks in Canada has been synonymous with the Toronto Stock Exchange for a long time.
The Montreal Exchange
13. The Montreal Stock Exchange was informally founded in 1832, making it the oldest stock exchange in Canada.
Back in the early 19th century, people traded stocks in informal situations. That’s how the MSE started in the so-called Exchange Coffee House. In the early days, it was the Beaver Club that led the pack. This club mainly consisted of people who produced and sold furs. It’s safe to say that Canadian stocks have been trading for more than two centuries.
14. The Montreal Exchange was acquired by the TSX (now TMX) Group in 2007 for $1.31 billion.
The MSE experienced significant turbulence in the 20th century:
First, there was a separatist bomb attack by the Front de libération du Québec, which injured 27 people on February 13, 1969, and caused close to $1 million in property damage.
Second, the passing of the Charter of the French Language, which made French the official work language of Quebec, ultimately drove away numerous English-speaking investors to the TSE.
Somewhat less dramatically, it also changed its name from the Montreal Stock Exchange to the Montreal Exchange in 1982.
The Vancouver Stock Exchange
15. The Vancouver Stock Exchange used to be the smallest of the main three Canada stock exchange institutions.
(Source: VancouverHistory, Forbes)
Interestingly enough, Forbes magazine described it as the “scam capital of the world” in 1989. Founded in 1906, the Vancouver Stock Exchange ceased operations in November 1999, when it was merged with the Canadian Venture Exchange.
What Are the Best Canadian Stocks to Buy Right Now?
The S&P/TSX 60 Index is a stock market index of 60 large companies listed on the Toronto Stock Exchange and the most important metric for Canadian stock prices. This Canadian stock market index lists the most important companies in the Canadian market. So, our list of the best Canadian stocks is mainly inspired by this index. If you’re thinking of investing in stocks in Canada, you’ll more than likely be using one of the S&P/TSX indices.
As you can see from the list below, the vast majority of them are from the financial, energy, and industrial sectors. We’ve already discussed some of the top performers in these sectors earlier in the article.
Additionally, a decent number of successful companies come from the Information Technologies and Communication services sector. We’ll talk about some exciting companies worthy of your consideration later in the text.
The top-performing sectos are:
Financials – 31.45%
Energy – 14.82%
Materials – 13.63%
Industrials – 10.71%
Information Technology – 10.45%
Communication Services – 6.67%
Consumer Staples- 4.59%
Consumer Discretionary – 3.43%
Utilities – 3.26%
Healthcare – 0.74%
Without further ado, here’s our list of the stocks we expect to perform the best in the foreseeable future, according to the most recent stock market stats:
1. Agnico Eagle Mines (TSE: AEM)
Gold is always a good and reliable option. Agnico Eagle Mines has been doing pretty good, being the second-largest gold producer in the country with a market cap of $17.6 billion. On top of that, the company plans to increase production by 25% in 2022. And if that doesn’t sound good, consider that Agnico has increased dividends for the last five years in a row.
2. Pollard Banknote (TSE:PBL)
Pollard Banknote is the number two producer of instant lottery tickets in the world. Keep in mind that revenues for instant lottery tickets have increased at a 9% compound annual growth rate since 2012. Pollard has annual revenue growth of approximately 13.7%, with significant bottom-line growth and earnings per share growth of 28.8% per year.
3. Goeasy Ltd (TSE:GSY)
Goeasy is a lending company with a 12.8% compound annual growth rate. In fact, the company has never had a bad year since 2001. Earnings are even more impressive, with 31% annual growth.
4. TFI International (TSE:TFII)
TFI International is a trucking and logistics company. The company has operations in the US and Canada, and stock market statistics reveal almost 75% of revenues coming from the south of the border. The pandemic has put TFI, which now purchases struggling companies, in a strong financial position.
Spending capital didn’t seem to cause new problems. Earnings over the last five years have increased at a rate of 21.5% annually, and earnings per share are estimated to grow by 21.8% in 2021 and 25.2% in 2022. This should allow TFI International to continue its nine-year dividend growing streak.
5. Shopify (TSE:SHOP)
Shopify has become a household name during the quarantine, as it offers an excellent ecommerce platform primarily to small and medium businesses all over the world. Despite the doubts, Shopify has returned over 4100% to investors since going public in 2015. On top of that, it has achieved revenue growth of 70.1% annually. To find out more, check out our comprehensive Shopify review.
6. Nuvei (TSE:NVEI)
Nuvei is a payment technology company and one of Canada’s newest IPOs. As the stock market numbers reveal, on a twelve-month basis, Nuvei generated US$339M in revenue and US$43B in gross transaction value, with an expected 29% revenue growth in 2021.
Although the company is not yet profitable, it’s expected to start making profits in 2022. Like Shopify, it’s one of the rare companies that gained in value during the Coronavirus pandemic and seems to be on the right track to give back to its shareholders.
7. Telus (TSE:T)
Stock market statistics reveal Telus is one of the Big Three telecom companies in Canada, focusing on new 5G technology. The last five years have not been favourable to Canadian telecoms in terms of growth. In fact, Telus’ revenues have only grown by 3.7% annually over this period and with relatively low earnings. However, this will probably change as the telecom infrastructure of Telus nears completion and the company starts working in full capacity soon.
8. Parkland Fuels (TSE:PKI)
Parkland Fuels is one of North America’s fastest independent marketers of fuel and petroleum products. The company has seen positive growth stock market rates during the last five years, with average revenue growth of 20.9%.
9. Brookfield Renewables (TSE:BEP.UN)
Brookfield Renewable Energy partners renewable energy companies in Canada and has one of the best growth rates in the sector. Over the last five years, Brookfield Renewables’ share price is up roughly 200%. In terms of dividends, the company currently yields 3.58%, and the dividend is well covered by funds from operations.
10. Royal Bank of Canada (TSE:RY)
This is a well-diversified bank, with personal, commercial, wealth management, insurance, corporate, and capital market services. The company is Canada’s most valuable brand. Additionally, RBC is Canada’s second-largest company in terms of market capitalization, falling just behind Shopify.
On average, in the last five years, the company’s revenues have grown by 6% and earnings by 3%. With a dividend yield in the 3.5% range and an eight-year dividend growth streak, it’s one of the best dividend payers in the country, stock market statistics confirm.
And on that note:
The global stock market is in a very exciting place right now. There are a lot of opportunities, and more and more people are starting to realize that. In this article, we tried to introduce you to the most important stock exchanges while also diving deep into the latest stock market statistics.
The thing is:
As it continues to recover from the global pandemic, the global economy is still volatile and unpredictable. Generally speaking, it seems that big tech companies are continuing to grow while the smaller players are feeling the full blow of COVID-related restrictions.
Will we see a future in which a handful of powerful companies rule the world?
Watch this space.
You might also like: How Many Millionaires in Canada?
Yes, there is. Not only does Canada have a stock market, but it’s also one of the biggest stock market players in the world. As a matter of fact, there are several stock markets in Canada, the largest being the Toronto Stock Exchange, something we’ve elaborated upon in the main part of the text.
The Canadian stock market today has three functioning stock exchanges – the Toronto Stock Exchange, the TSX Venture Exchange, and the Canadian National Stock Exchange.
The most important of these Canadian stock markets is the Toronto Stock Exchange or TSX, the ninth-largest stock exchange in the world and the third-largest in North America.
This Canadian stock exchange has 2,231 listed companies, with a combined market capitalization of US$3.1 trillion, making it by far the most significant player among Canada stock markets.
The Toronto Stock Exchange is managed and operated by the TMX Group, the pillar of the Canadian financial market. Apart from holding the Toronto Stock Exchange, the TMX Group also holds the TSX Venture Exchange (TSXV).
While the Toronto Stock Exchange is the senior equity market, the TSX Venture Exchange deals with public venture capital. This means that the TSXV is a great marketplace for emerging companies and SMEs that don’t match the TSX listing criteria because it offers them access to a well-regulated market for venture investments.
The third and final stock exchange you should know about if you are thinking of investing in stocks in the Great White North is the Canadian National Stock Exchange or CNSX.
The CNSX is the fastest-growing stock exchange in the country. Located in Toronto, it also has an office in Vancouver. Unlike traditional stock exchanges, the Canadian National Stock Exchange supports micro-cap and emerging companies. It offers simplified reporting requirements and zero barriers in the trading of securities.
There are all sorts of valuable Canadian stocks traded, including those of the Big Five banks – Canadian Imperial Bank of Commerce (CIBC), Bank of Montreal (BMO), Bank of Nova Scotia (Scotiabank), Royal Bank of Canada (RBC), and The Toronto-Dominion Bank (TD).
People also trade stocks from large Canadian energy companies, such as Enbridge, Suncor, TC Energy, Canadian Natural Resources, Imperial Oil, Pembina, and Cenovus.
No one can really say. You can find some worrying stats suggesting that less than 10% of stock traders actually earn more than they invest. A slightly older study (2004) by a group of Taiwanese authors has found that around 80% of all individual stock traders lose money.
However, certain expert traders consistently perform well. Turns out that people like Jordan Belfort (better known as the Wolf of the Wall Street) actually exist, and they can earn a lot (before sometimes going to prison).
There are also people like Navinder Singh Sarao with lightning-quick minds and good knowledge of stock market statistics who have their own idiosyncratic ways of calculating the odds.